physical properties | organohalogen compounds | alkyl halides | haloalkanes | adichemistry

The physical properties of organohalogen compounds (alkyl halides and aryl halides) are influenced by factors like: i) polar nature of C-X bond, ii) molecular size (or indirectly the molecular weight), iii) type of halogen, iv) branching in the carbon chain etc.

The bond between carbon and halogen atom (C-X) is polar. Since halogen atoms (except iodine) are more electronegative than carbon, there is partial accumulation of negative charge on halogen atom and  positive charge on carbon. This is referred to as polarity and makes the molecule permanently dipolar.

 

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physical properties | organohalogen compounds | alkyl halides | haloalkanes | adichemistry

 

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